Alcohol Dependence and Genetic Makeup
Alcoholism is affected by both environmental and genetic elements. Dependencies, especially dependencies to alcohol tend to run in families and it is understood that genes perform a role in that process. Research study has revealed in recent years that people who have/had alcoholic parents are much more prone to suffer from the exact same condition themselves. Strangely, males have a higher tendency to alcohol addiction in this situation than women.
Individuals with diminished inhibitions are at an even higher chance for turning into problem drinkers. The two basic characteristics for becoming alcoholic stem from having a close relative who is an alcoholic and having a high-risk disposition. A person with a high-risk personality is one where he or she has reduced inhibitions and thrives on taking chances in almost all instances. If an individual comes from a family group with one or more alcoholics and likes to take risks, they should recognize that they are at what is considered elevated risk for becoming an alcoholic.
Recent academic works have identified that genetic makeup plays an important function in the development of alcohol addiction but the inherited pathways or precise genes to addiction have not been found. At this time, it is thought that the hereditary tendency toward alcoholism in a person does not guarantee that she or he will definitely develop into an alcoholic but instead simply implies that those people feel the effects of the alcohol more powerfully and quickly. In result, the decision of hereditary chance is just a determination of higher risk toward the dependency and not always an indication of future alcoholism.
There was a gene learned about in 1990 called the DRD2 gene. This is the first gene that has proven to have any link towards affecting the outcome of alcohol addiction in human beings. Once again, thinking about the method this particular gene works, the person with the DRD2 gene would be thought to have a higher pull to the effects of alcohol compared to someone without the gene but having DRD2 does not guarantee alcoholism in the individual.
The immediate desire to find a gene responsible for alcoholism is due in part to the immediate requirement to assist ascertain individuals who are at high risk when they are kids. If this can be identified at an early age and adolescents raised to comprehend that taking that first drink for them might very likely dispatch them down the road to alcohol addiction, it may cut down on the number of alcoholics in the future.
Despite an inherited predisposition toward alcohol addiction, it is still a conscious decision to opt to consume alcohol and to get intoxicated. It has been stated that the individual with the inherited predisposition to alcoholism is an alcoholic at birth whether or not he or she ever takes a drink. Taking the drink starts the illness into its active phase. The ability to stop drinking prior to becoming dependent lies , in the end, in the hands of the drinker.
The latest academic works have identified that genetic makeup performs an important role in the development of alcohol addiction but the familial pathways or precise genes to addiction have not been discovered. At this time, it is believed that the familial predisposition towards alcohol addiction in a person does not guarantee that he or she will become an alcoholic but instead simply indicates that those people feel the results of the alcohol more intensely and quickly. Once more, thinking of the way this certain gene works, the individual with the DRD2 gene would be thought to have a greater pull to the effects of alcohol compared to somebody without the gene but having DRD2 does not guarantee alcohol addiction in the individual.
The pressing desire to find a gene responsible for alcohol addiction is due in part to the immediate need to help identify individuals who are at high chance when they are adolescents.